IFS (Indian Foreign Service)

The Indian Foreign Service (IFS) is an administrative agency for public service under Group A [3] and Group B [4] of the Central Civil Services of the highest branch of the Government of India. Department of Foreign Affairs as its controlling branch.


On September 13, 1783, the board of directors of the East India Company approved a decision in Fort William, Calcutta (now Kolkata), to establish a department, which could help “reduce the pressure” on Warren Hastings’ management to keep their “secret”. and political business. “[8] Although established by the Company, the Indian Foreign Ministry does business with European foreign powers. Asians) were considered political, while relations with European powers were considered foreign.
In 1843, the Governor-General of India, Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough made administrative reforms, organizing the Secretariat of Government into four divisions: Foreign, Local, Finance, and Military. Each was led by a high-ranking official. The Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs is responsible for “conducting all communications related to the external and internal relations of the state.”
The Indian Government Act of 1935 attempted to clearly define the foreign affairs and politics of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, soon realized that it was administratively necessary to divide the department into two. As a result, the Department of Foreign Affairs was set up separately under the direct case of the Governor-General.
The idea of ​​establishing a separate Indian Government outsourced service comes from a paper dated 30 September 1944, by Lieutenant-General T. J. Hutton, secretary of the Department of Planning and Development. While the note was being sent to the Department of Foreign Affairs for comment, Olaf Caoe, Secretary of State, recorded his comments in full note detailing the scope, composition and functions of the proposed service. Caroe pointed out that as India emerged as an independent state, it was important to create a system of foreign representation that would be fully aligned with the goals of the future government.
On October 9, 1946, the Indian government established the Indian Foreign Service for India diplomatic, consular and commercial representation overseas. With the advent of independence, the transformation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs andPolitics was almost complete to become the Department of Foreign Affairs and United Nations Relations.

Indian Foreign Service Day is celebrated on 9 October every year since 2011 to commemorate the day the Cabinet of India created the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Indian Diplomatic Passport and Official Passport. In contrast to the deep blue passport issued to ordinary Indian citizens, the national passport is maroon colored and the ‘Diplomatic Passport’ is engraved in English and Hindi. Government officials and other IFS officials are often issued with official passports.Indian Foreign Service officials are employed by the Government of India on the recommendation of the Union Public Service Commission. In 1948, the first group of Indian Foreign Service officers were recruited based on the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission [12] This test is still used to select foreign service officers. Prior to 1948, some were directly appointed by the Prime Minister and included the Indigenous rulers who ruled their provinces in India.
New entrants to the Indian Foreign Service were trained at the Sushma Swaraj Foreign Service Institute after a brief basic course at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. [14] In recent years, the number of nominees selected for the Indian Foreign Service has averaged between 25-30 a year.


Received by the Foreign Service, the new entrants receive valuable training, which is considered to be one of the most challenging and longest service training in the Government of India and which takes more than 1 year to complete. Participants enter the probationary period (where they are called Professional Trainees). The training begins at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, where members of other senior Indian public resources are trained.
After completing a 15-week LBSNAA training, examiners joined the Sushma Swaraj Foreign Service Institute, India in New Delhi to receive in-depth training in many important subjects in diplomacy, including international relations theory, military diplomacy, trade, India’s foreign policy, history, international law, diplomatic relations, hospitality, protocol and administration. They also continue to be attached to various government agencies and defense agencies (Army, Navy, Air Force, CAPF) and visit India and other countries.

The entire training program lasts for 12 months.
Upon completion of the Institutional training program, the officer is provided with a compulsory foreign language (CFL). After a short period of desk attachment to the Department of Foreign Affairs, at the level of Under-Secretary, the officer is sent to
an Indian mission abroad where his CFL is a native language. There, the officer is trained in language and is expected to develop CFL skills and pass exams before being allowed to continue in the ministry.


The Foreign Service Officer is required to express interests in India, at home and abroad on a wide range of issues. These include bilateral political and economic co-operation, trade and investment promotion, cultural communication, media and media relations and a wide range of international issues.

Career and rank structure

The ground floor of the Indian Foreign Service is connected to the service.

At the embassy:

according to the rising standard

Third Secretary (entry level)

Second Secretary (promotion after confirmation in service)

First SecretaryCounselorMinisterDeputy Chief of Mission / Deputy Chief Commissioner / Deputy Permanent RepresentativeAmbassador / High Commissioner / Permanent

RepresentativeIn the Department of Foreign Affairs: on a scaleUnder the Secretary

Deputy Secretary

DirectorJoint Secretar

More Secretary

The secretaryIndian Foreign Secretary

The Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

is the Central Service and the country’s main foreign service. The IFS official plays a very important role in India in formulating India’s foreign policies and in building all national and economic relations with other countries. The functions of the IFS Officer include:
The IFS official oversees foreign affairs, including diplomacy, commerce, and civil society.

IFS staff oversees the development of policies that govern India’s international relations.

They represent India in its ambassadors, high commissions, consulates and international organizationsOfficials of the Indian Foreign Service are also defending the interests of the Indian state in the country to which they are sent

. They promote and promote friendship between India and a particular country.IFS officials represent India on international forums and forums where they handle and regulate all diplomatic relations between India and the designated country

.They also maintain and merge economic cooperation between India and other countries.They are constantly updating the Indian MEA office, about development.

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