Indian coast Guard (ICG)

Indian coast Guard (ICG)

The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) is India’s maritime law and search and rescue authority that has jurisdiction over its waters connecting an area linked to a special economic zone. The Indian Coast Guard was established on 1 February 1977 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Indian Parliament. [5] It operates under the Department of Defense.
The Coast Guard works with the Indian Navy, the Department of Fisheries, the Department of Taxation (Culture) and the Central and State police.

The Indian Coast Guard is a national organization \that oversees various maritime services, in particular to protect India’s maritime interests and to enforce maritime law. The Indian Coast Guard was established on 18 August 1978, as an independent Indian Army, by the Coast Guard Act, which operates under the Ministry of Defense.

The most important functions of the Coast Guard are:
Protect and protect the artificial islands, coastal terminals, installation, and other devices in the marine environmentProtecting and assisting vulnerable fishermenConserving and protecting the marine environment, including the management of marine pollutionAssisting cultures and other authorities in anti-trafficking activitiesEnforcement of India Maritime Law ActTaking steps to protect marine life and property and to collect scientific data


The establishment of the Indian Coast Guard was first proposed by the Indian Navy to provide non-military naval services to the nation. [In the 1960’s, maritime smuggling threatened India’s domestic economy. The Indian Ministry of Transport often requests the Indian Navy for help with navigation and prevention in the anti-trafficking effort.

The Nagchaudhuri Committee was formed with the participation of the Indian Navy and the Indian Navy to study the issue. In August 1971, a committee identified the need to track the Indian Ocean coast, establish a list of coastal fishing vessels to detect illegal activities, and establish a competent and well-armed army to block vessels operating . The committee also considered the number and type of equipment, infrastructure and personnel needed to provide those services.

By 1973, India had embarked on a program of acquisition of weapons and began deploying Indian Army personnel to the anti-trafficking and law enforcement operations, under the provisions of the Homeland Security Act. The Indian Navy feels that the law enforcement nature of these activities deviates from its main purpose as a military service. Admiral Sourendra Nath Kohli, then Chief of Marines, thus made a recommendation to the Secretary of Defense outlining the need for a separate maritime service to carry out those duties and to provide Navy help in its establishment. On 31 August 1974, the Secretary of Defense submitted a note to the Cabinet Secretary recommending cabinet action on the recommendation of Admiral Kohli.

As a result, in September 1974, the Indian Cabinet appointed a Rustamji Committee, under the leadership of Khusro Faramurz Rustamji, to oversee the Navy, the Air Force and the Ministry of Finance to review security and law enforcement gaps between roles. of the Indian Navy and the central and state police. The discovery of oil at Bombay High also underscored the need for law enforcement and the protection of maritime service. The committee approved the establishment of an Indian Coast Guard under the Ministry of Defense on July 31, 1975. A legal dispute ensued, when the Cabinet Secretary proposed that the post be placed under the Minister of Related Affairs. initial recommendations of the Rustamji Committee to integrate this service under the Department of Defense.

n The temporary Indian Coast Guard was launched on 1 February 1977, armed with two small corvettes and five patrol boats from the Armed Forces. The duties and functions of the service were defined in the Coast Guard Act, which was passed by the Indian parliament on 18 August 1978 and came into operation immediately.

deputy-admiral v A kanath of the Indian Navy was appointed as the Founding Director-General. Prime Minister Morgji Desai inspected the Guard of Honor at the opening of the service. Deputy Admiral Kamath proposed a five-year plan to develop the ICG into a major power in 1984, but the full potential of the program was not immediately clear due to a lack of economic resources.

One of the landmark achievements of the ICG took place in October 1999, when the Japanese, Panama-registered Panamanian cargo ship, the MV Alondra Rainbow, was hijacked in Indonesia. His crew was rescued from Phuket, Thailand. The ship was reprinted into the MV Mega Rama, and was spotted from Kochi, en route to Pakistan. He was chased by ICGS Tarabai and INS Prahar (K98) of the Indian Navy, and was arrested It was the first time in more than a century that armed robbers had been persecuted.

The Indian Coast Guard conducts experiments with other international coastal guards. In May 2005, ICG agreed to establish links with the Pakistan Maritime Security Agency (PMSA). In 2006, the Indian Coast Guard conducted tests with Japanese and Korean counterparts.
Following the Mumbai invasion in 2008, the Indian government embarked on a program to increase its ICG capacity, assets and infrastructure.
The fleet aims to have 200 ships and 100 two-engine plane by 2023 on its fleet.

Current role ICG

Indian Coast Guard operations:
Security and protection of artificial islands, coastal terminals and other installationsProtection and help to fishermen and sailors at seaThe conservation and protection of the marine environment and the environment includes pollution controlHelp to the Department of Transport and other officials in anti-trafficking activitiesLaw enforcement in the area and in groundwaterScientific data collection and supportNational defense during the war (under Indian Navy operations)More obligations of the Indian Coast Guard:
Coastal Safety Coordinating Committee (OSCC) – The Director-General of the Indian Coast Guard is the Chairman of the OSCC comprising of the Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG), of which the Chief Flag of the Defense Force is a member.National Maritime Search and Rescue Coordinating Authority (NMSARCA) – The Director-General of the Indian Coast Guard is NMSARCA for conducting / coordinating search and rescue (SAR)Lead Intelligence Agency (LIA) – Coastal and maritime boundariesCoastal Safety – The Director-General of the Indian Coast Guard is the commanding officer of the coastal authorities and handles liaison between central and government institutions on all matters affecting coastal safety.

The health officer may impose i
candidates as permanently or permanently disqualified. A candidate may file a complaint to
the discovery of the first medical examination. The medical complaint must be resolved “internally
21 days if I do not qualify permanently ”or“ within 42 days if I do not qualify temporarily ”after completion
first doctors. No further reviews / complaints are allowed if we are declared unfit / failed to file a complaint
medical professionals. There is no medical certification other than that of a professional opinion
military hospital is allowed during the treatment of complaints. The first medical qualification is
up to 6 months only. The baptism candidate will need to receive additional medical attention
testing if the hiring process is delayed due to any unexpected event similar
The COVID epidemic and any other conditions